The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, commonly known as the Red Cross (International) or the Red Crescent (International), is a global humanitarian movement with particular and unique characteristics in its kind, due to its particular relationship based on international agreements with states and international organizations for a truly humanitarian purpose.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) has always had a recognized role in the development and promotion of International Humanitarian Law (IHL). Aware of the challenges that come with its full respect, the ICRC created in 1996 a Counseling Service on International Humanitarian Law in order to strengthen its capacity to provide services to States in this area, covering specific and necessary measures for the implementation of the Human Rights Conventions. Geneva and its Additional Protocols, the various arms treaties, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and other relevant treaties. In France, the ICRC promotes IHL and facilitates the operations of the Institution through dialogue with the Government, the military and diplomats. For its role in the international arena, France is an important forum for the promotion of humanitarian work. The ICRC’s presence in Paris helps it provide assistance to victims of conflicts around the world
The ICRC is governed by the Assembly, the Assembly Council (subsidiary organ of the Assembly in which it delegates some of its powers) and the Directorate (executive body). Both the Assembly, composed of 15 to 25 members of Swiss nationality, recruited by cooptation, and the Council of the Assembly are chaired by Mr. Peter Maurer, president of the ICRC since July 1, 2012. He is assisted by two vice-presidents, Mr. Olivier Vodoz and Mrs. Christine Beerli. The French Red Cross trains its employees and volunteers through a blended learning program, combining face-to-face sessions with online activities through the Dokeos platform. it is highlighted that the gala branch of the international health organization generated an important catalog of training and is in the process of distributing it to its health professionals and to all the safety, hygiene and first aid companies with which it usually works. The program began with a two-year pilot in Toulouse, and today reaches 10,000 participants nationwide.
The ‘Red Cross’ is a global humanitarian movement with particular characteristics and unique in its kind, for its particular relationship based on international agreements with states and international organizations for a purely humanitarian purpose, was born from personal experience. In the year 1859 the Geneva-born Henry Dunant, on a trip through Italy, arrived in Solferinos when the Austrians, the French and the Piedmontese had just waged warlike actions. Moved by the 40,000 victims who had remained on the battlefield and the abandonment in which the wounded were, I try to assist them and request the help of the civilian population. Later in 1863, four Geneva citizens, imbued with the ideas of Dunant, founded, together with him, a committee that convened immediately in Geneva to an International conference.
These are some of the fundamental principles of the French red cross
Humanity: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, which has given rise to the concern to provide assistance, without discrimination, to all those injured in the battlefield, strives, under its international and national aspect, in preventing and alleviating the suffering of men in all circumstances. It tends to protect life and health, as well as to respect the human person. It promotes mutual understanding, friendship, cooperation and lasting peace among all peoples & doctors ( urgence dentaire ).
Impartiality: Does not make any distinction of nationality, race, religion, social status or political creed. It is dedicated solely to help individuals in proportion to their suffering, remedying their needs and giving priority to the most urgent ones.
Neutrality: In order to maintain the confidence of all, it refrains from taking part in hostilities and, at all times, in controversies of a political, racial, religious and ideological nature.
Independence: The Movement is independent. Auxiliary of the public authorities in their humanitarian activities and subject to the laws that govern the respective countries, the National Societies must, nevertheless, preserve an autonomy that allows them to always act in accordance with the principles of the Movement.
Volunteering: It is a voluntary relief movement and of disinterested character.
Unit: In each country there can only be one Red Cross or Red Crescent Society, which must be accessible to all and extend its humanitarian action to the entire territory.
Universality: The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, in which all Societies have the same rights and duty to help each other, is universal.
Protect life and health and ensure respect for the human person, particularly in times of armed conflict and other urgent situations. Try to prevent diseases and promote health and social welfare. Encourage voluntary work and the availability of members of the Movement, as well as a universal feeling of solidarity for all those who need their protection and assistance. Activities of the National Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies Each National Society of the Red Cross, as an auxiliary of the state in the humanitarian field has functions according to the needs of the country or responsibilities that the states grant and these can be:
Promotion of fundamental principles and humanitarian values
Disease prevention campaigns.
Family messages and messages of good health.
Campaigns to promote respect for diversity and human dignity, reduce intolerance, discrimination and social exclusion.
Support for youth areas.
Intervention in case of disaster
Search and rescue.
Temporary housing for people in need.
Preparation for disasters.
Clothing, toys and food collection campaigns.
Request for medications.
Training the community in risk management.
Improvement of health services in the community.
Hospitals and training institutions.
Medical, psychological and odontological services.
Social support and accompaniment to the elderly, children and, in general, vulnerable people.
The people who make up the Red Cross do not receive money as salaries since they are volunteers (except technicians, for example, a lifeguard who works all day on the beach). They work to avoid human suffering, and for the welfare of all. In addition, to avoid incidents, no person who is remunerated for their action in the Red Cross can access political positions in the hierarchy of the institution.